The knee is the point at which the thigh connects with the leg. It consists of two joints: one between the femur and tibia and one between the femur and patella. The knee is a modified hinge joint allowing flexion and extension plus slight internal and external rotation.
The knee is the largest and most complex joint in the body. Also known as the tibiofemoral joint, the knee consists of bones, tendons, and ligaments. The knee joint is where the thigh bone (femur) joins the shin bone (tibia). The smaller bones that make up the knee are called the tibia (fibula) and the kneecap (patella). As a result of supporting the entire body and its weight, the knee bears constant pressure causing it to be vulnerable and prone to injuries.
The tendons help connect the leg bones to the muscles that move the knee.
There are three groups of ligaments that join at the knee bone and provide stability.
Arthroscopy allows your surgeon to see and work inside your shoulder joint through small incisions. A long thin, light instrument called an Arthroscope is used. During surgery, the arthroscope sends live video images from the inside of your joint to the monitor. Using these images the surgeon can diagnose and treat your shoulder problem.
Surgery is recommended when the patient is diagnosed with an injury based on the MRI results and physical examination and has failed conservative management such as physical therapy, anti-inflammatory medication, and joint injections. Conservative treatment has not resulted in a return to pre-injury status.
The healing process varies per patient and depends on the thickness/degree/location of the tears, age, and how active the patient is. The majority of patients heal within the first month after surgery. It’s imperative for patients to follow post-operative protocol such as attending physical therapy sessions and performing at-home exercises explained in the office to increase the range of motion and strength.
A cortisone injection consists of steroid medication and a numbing medication to help with the inflammation and pain. The injection helps by providing the medication directly to the area with inflammation to reduce the pain and swelling. The medication usually sets in within a few minutes. The effect of steroid injections is variable, in some patients, the effect is very short-lived and in other patients, it can last up until three months.
Symptoms are often first treated with non-surgical techniques, but there are many advanced procedures that can be utilized when necessary.
Muscle strains, injuries, and infections are typical causes, but spinal conditions may also be the culprit.
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